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Eye Disease Treatments Provided by Your Port St. Lucie Eye Doctoreye disease treatment Port St. Lucie, FL

Diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol and other chronic diseases can contribute to the development of certain eye diseases. In fact, maintaining good eye health relies heavily on optimal functioning of your circulatory and cardiovascular system. High blood pressure, for example, not only damages large blood vessels but also impacts capillaries threading through your eyes. Eye diseases associated with uncontrolled high blood pressure include retinopathy, choroidopathy (fluid buildup in the eye that causes scarring and vision loss) and optic neuropathy, a serious disorder interfering with blood flow to the optic nerve).

Diabetic Retinopathy

People with Type II, Type I or gestational diabetes may suffer diabetic macular edema or diabetic retinopathy if they do not or cannot regulate their blood glucose levels. Vulnerable to damage by elevated blood sugar levels, blood vessels anterior to the eye could weaken, leak and stop light from focusing on the retina. Additionally, blood and other fluids entering the retina will cause swelling and possible vision impairment. Treatment provided by your Jensen Beach eye doctor for mild to moderate diabetic retinopathy involves improving long-term management of diabetes with diagnostic monitoring to significantly delay progression of diabetic retinopathy. Advanced stage diabetic retinopathy treatment includes photocoagulation using a laser to seal leaky vessels or panretinal photocoagulation to shrink damaged blood vessels.

Retinal Vein Occlusion

High cholesterol impairs normal circulation of blood throughout your body, including your eyes. If you have high cholesterol, you may be at risk for retinal vein occlusion, a condition blocking blood flow to the eyes that can cause sudden, permanent loss of vision. Your Florida eye doctor will recommend one or more of the following treatments for RVO: therapeutic aspirin regimen, prescribing anti-inflammatory medications or systemic corticosteroids or injection of a dexamethasone intravitreal  implant to reduce blockage of retinal blood vessels.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease mostly affecting adults over 45 who are diabetic, extremely nearsighted, have experienced trauma to the eye or suffer high blood pressure. An asymptomatic disease, glaucoma can only be diagnosed by your eye doctor during regular eye exams with special tests. Glaucoma treatment includes prescribing eye drops containing prostaglandins or beta blockers to reduce pressure, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (oral medication) to support efficacy of eye drops or laser surgery to relieve pressure not responsive to other forms of treatment.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Although no treatment exists for age-related macular degeneration, people with AMD can delay dry macular degeneration by not smoking, controlling blood pressure, making healthy lifestyle choices and learning to use visual aids. "Wet" macular degeneration is a more rapidly progressing type of macular degeneration that requires laser therapy to stop blood from leaking into the retina.

Cataracts

Treatment for early stage cataracts usually involves increasing strength of your lens prescription or ensuring you have proper lighting when doing visual demanding work. When cataracts start to interfere significantly with your vision, your eye doctor may suggest intraocular lens surgery to remove the cataract and eye lens and replace the lens with a new, synthetic lens.

Schedule an appointment with your Port St. Lucie, Jensen Beach and Stuart eye doctor at Cohen's Fashion Optical today for a free eye exam and comprehensive testing that includes retinal camera technology services:  (772) 692-2020.

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